Native Americans are used to Smokey the Bear to prevent forest fires. Firefighters lighting fires, instead of spraying water can create confusion. "Why make it bigger?” Deliberately lit fire during wildfire is a very important weapon in the firefighter's arsenal.
Suppresses the fire through pouring water, retardant adjacent to or directly onto the fire from helicopters, airtankers or hoses. Direct control works best on smaller fires or slow burning fires and is also used when people and structures are at immediate risk.
Direct control is less effective and extremely dangerous on large, active fires. Extreme fire behavior is usually accompanied by high winds, blowing embers, high temperatures, unpredictable air currents, and massive amounts of smoke. This may create situations that are too risky for ground and aerial attack.
Indirect control establishes a fireguard in the path of the fire and takes advantage of favorable terrain and natural firebreaks. The fireguard is created by physically removing fuels or through coating fuel with retardants to reduce its flammability. With the fireguard established, the unburned fuels between the guard and the wildfire are burned out, when conditions allow, using hand drip torches or by aerial ignition with drip torches or ping-pong balls filled with self-igniting chemicals.
Burning out allows fire managers to choose the time and place that the fuels get burned rather than remaining at the whim of fire behavior and weather. Indirect control is used when there is space and time to establish an extensive fireguard. It is sometimes the only way to protect structures in the fire's path.
Fires may also be lit to create air currents in order to draw the main fire, smoke and lofted embers toward or away from some areas.
Prescribed fire to restore the health of ecosystems. These planned fires also remove build-ups of forest fuels and provide protection against future wildfires.
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